The Likert scale question is a psychometric scale where questions based on this scale are used in a survey. Now I would like to investigate if a higher cookie knowledge means a higher attitude toward retargeting and if age has an influence on this (e.g. You may also want to look at the following posts: Since I used an established inventory, I followed the 5-point likert scale instead of changing it to a 4-point likert scale which could have made this easier since i would not have a middle or average range. If there is a take-home message from all this, it is that as a reader you should not put too much faith in the published literature. ), the mean attitude might make some sense. How are you Achlleas? That value is also a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05), which supports the idea that the majority has a favorable opinion. For instance, Vigor was measured with 3 items i.e: I feel strong and vigorous when I’m studying (Vigor1, vigor2 and vigor3) and what is the best way to calculate the value for Vigor. But please make sure you justify your choice well when you write up your methods section. how I categorical in 5 likert scale in this frequencies. Thanks very much. I feel that my data should be nominal. So, I guess that you could go ahead as you described, and – if this is some kind of student project you’re doing – add some remarks in the methodology section explaining why you are doing what you are doing. https://www.simplypsychology.org/likert-scale.html. Most of these use an agree/disagree scale where 1 = strongly disagree and 5 – strongly agree. It is composed of 12 items per disaster (3 questions for earthquake prevention and mitigation, 3 questions for earthquake preparedness, 3 questions for earthquake response and 3 questions for earthquake recovery and rehabilitation). Thanks also for the kind comments! Reply. ‘Ordinal’ means that the questions appear in a specific order from one extreme to another. Say Peter´s answers were, 2, 3, 4, 2. what is the formula for calculating a survey scale of 1-5? The chi square test is one option to compare respondent response and analyze results against the hypothesis. The methods of analysis you should use depend on your research questions, i.e., what you are interested in finding out. I therefore thought that there was little harm in having one more voice in the literature to add some more weak agreement to the prevailing views – even if the empirical evidence that informed this voice was not very strong. For example, if a Likert scale was measuring discrimination, who would admit to being racist? Hi! Thanks for your kind words, they are much appreciated! SPSS survival manual: A step by step guide to data analysis using SPSS for Windows (3rd ed.). The final scale seems different: I assume that a drought is not ‘more’ or ‘less’ of a risk than an earthquake, just different. Hi! There are several suggestions in this comment thread, which might give you some ideas about how to go about analysing your data. Ιδεολογίες, γλωσσική επικοινωνία και εκπαίδευση, Challenging Boundaries in Language Education, Applied Linguistics for Language Education, Teaching English to Young Learners (TEYL), Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL), Things you don’t know about Likert scales, On Likert scales, levels of measurement and nuanced understandings, http://achilleaskostoulas.com/2014/02/23/how-to-interpret-ordinal-data/, A/B testing With no B: You Are Eating Soup with a Fork | idin.net / blog, http://achilleaskostoulas.com/2014/12/15/how-to-summarise-likert-scale-data-using-spss/. Data must be in “wide” format. I have identified four variables for KM: gathering, storing, sharing, use; and 3 variables for resilience: buffer capacity, self-org, and learning capacity. The problem with Likert items is that many researchers –including the ones whose paper prompted this post– tend to use them in order to do things that they were never designed to do. Cite this entry as: (2010) 5-Point Likert Scale. Kind of, depending on what statistical procedures you plan to do. Does that make any sense? High school level – 2 It consists of 30 items. Blunch, N. J. A Technique for the Measurement of Attitudes. To interpret a 4 point scale, assign each response a point value, from 1 to 4, based on the number of responses. Copy-pasting below something I wrote about this a while ago, with some references: ‘There has been some controversy regarding the nature of the data produced by self-reported scales, these being considered a grey area between ordinal and continuous variables (Field, 2009; Kinnear & Gray, 2008). I used one true/false scale (about cookie knowledge) and 4 likert scales (about attitude toward retargeting – 6 questions, 5 point items -, about privacy concern – 5 questions, 7 point items -, about attitude toward advertising in general – 9 questions, 5 point items – and about persuasion knowledge – 6 questions, 5 point items -). Regarding the other questions: I should compare means or mean ranks of the 10 reason to visit a fast food outlet. If changes occur during 3 time points 0 and the list of additional resources on faith that the.... Calculated the mean altogether technically speaking, a construct about which we want to this... Test first, which may be best to take the safe side scale was in... 1 ) may I noe Likert scales is consider as continuous scale or just one Likert.! Confirm whether the difference is small in practice, but thank you so much an outstanding/very poor scale 1! 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