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Prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata) and gulf cordgrass (S. spartinae) are the most widely distributed North American species. What does prairie cordgrass mean? It is one of the tallest grasses in North America, and an important species of tallgrass prairies in the Midwest, growing mainly in wet depressions. Its distribution extends into Mexico. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. Soil salinity is a problem in much of the marginal land throughout the world. Prairie Cordgrass is a native, warm-season perennial grass. Prairie cordgrass ( Spartina pectinata) and gulf cordgrass ( S. spartinae) are the most widely distributed North American species. 111 E. Kellogg Blvd., Suite 105 View up to date crop reports, livestock information and ag … 55101. This grass forms extremely dense stands, spreading by creeping rhizomes and seed produced on tillers 5-7 ft. tall. "The cow has a preference; this grass is coarse and not good for grazing," Lee said. in addition to hundreds of recent farming and agriculture news articles. Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. It has a height of 3 to 8 feet. Prairie Cordgrass Polyploidy Chloroplast Silver Staining silver stained NORs AgNORs Lodging Morphology Anatomy: Abstract: Climate change or global warming, gradually increase in average global temperature, is now well documented and accepted by scientists as fact. It commonly grows in marshes, wet meadows, potholes, and flood plains as well as in open dry prairies. 0000009036 00000 n %%EOF This is the general phone line at the Mississippi River Visitor Center. Prairie cordgrass definition is - a cordgrass (Spartina pectinata) of North America having leaves with scarious margins and glumes with long awns. 0000034535 00000 n <<5A7E764902DEDD478483D2DF032F2C92>]>> Prairie Cordgrass is a common, fast-growing, warm-season grass that has a preference for moist, sandy soil but tolerates a variety of conditions, including dry and saline soils. Prairie cordgrass is a tall (6-8 feet), robust, native grass. Prairie cordgrass grows on river and lake shores and freshwater marshes, as well as the upper edges of salt marshes. Spartina pectinata is a species of cordgrass known as prairie cordgrass, freshwater cordgrass, tall marshgrass, and sloughgrass. Prairie Cordgrass, Spartina pectinata, is native to wet riparian areas, but very capable of growing in upland soils.Prairie Cordgrass does well on both high and low-fertility sites and has a high tolerance to salt and soil pH. 0000024818 00000 n Prairie cordgrass is a coarse, tough plant that grows in places that are wet for at least part of the year. 0000004446 00000 n Prairie cordgrass is a tall (6-8 feet), robust, native grass. This is the general phone line at the Mississippi River Visitor Center. endstream endobj 119 0 obj<>/Metadata 21 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 20 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 23 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060726162421)/PageLabels 18 0 R>> endobj 120 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 121 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 122 0 obj<> endobj 123 0 obj<> endobj 124 0 obj<> endobj 125 0 obj<> endobj 126 0 obj[/ICCBased 140 0 R] endobj 127 0 obj<> endobj 128 0 obj<> endobj 129 0 obj<> endobj 130 0 obj<>stream 118 0 obj <> endobj prairie cordgrass General Information; Symbol: SPPE Group: Monocot Family: Poaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Graminoid: Native Status: CAN N L48 N SPM N: Characteristics: Fact Sheet. The central culm is light green, terete (round in cross-section), and glabrous. ��U��l" is indigenous throughout most of the continental United States and Canada to 60°N latitude and is well suited to marginal land too wet for maize (Zea mays L.) and switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). In cordgrass. 0000001189 00000 n 146 0 obj<>stream 0000001649 00000 n Prairie cordgrass is a coarse, tough plant that grows in places that are wet for at least part of the year. Growing up to seven feet tall, it tends to tangle around a hiker's feet as well, making it difficult hike through environments where it is common. Information and translations of prairie cordgrass in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. 0000005972 00000 n Definition of prairie cordgrass in the Definitions.net dictionary. The blades are not only long with sharp points but the margins of the blade are capable of cutting skin so some caution should be taken when walking through this … 0000014173 00000 n 118 29 (651) 293-0200 The blades are not only long with sharp points but the margins of the blade are capable of cutting skin so some caution should be taken when walking through this grass and especially when handling it. This grass prefers full sun, and the seedlings are not shade tolerant, but they do develop rapidly. 9) and bubble phases (8 and 10). Prairie Cordgrass has stiff stems and tough, thick leaves that are serrated and sharp. Prairie cordgrass has a broad climatic adaptation. Please leave a voicemail if we miss your call and expect a return call within 1 day, often sooner. Rotate this 3D object and download from any angle. 0000008244 00000 n Prairie Cordgrass PNG images & PSDs for download with transparency. An easy characteristic to look for is the sharp, serrated edges of the leaf blade. 0000005256 00000 n Read Prairie cordgrass: Highly underrated. 0000010721 00000 n prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata) profile, photos, videos, county distribution map, and sightings in Minnesota. 0000001360 00000 n See our iNaturalist project, "The Life of the Mississippi National River and Recreation Area", This plant's genus name comes from the Greek word. It also has good cold tolerance. Prairie cordgrass grows well on seasonally dry sites, tolerates alkaline conditions and high water tables but is intolerant of prolonged flooding. See our iNaturalist project, "The Life of the Mississippi National River and Recreation Area" and contribute to it by downloading the iNaturalist app and uploading your sightings of this species, and others, to the project. Prairie fire is an important ingredient in the renewal of the prairie. trailer 0000004120 00000 n 0000003483 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� Prairie cordgrass is found in wet meadows, sloughs, potholes, and drainage ways. Plant Guide. Use it to create a solid mat of Cordgrass rhizomes that defy erosion. Despite the fact that moisture level in switchgrass is more than twice the level of prairie cordgrass , the mole fractions of water are shown to be of the same order between the two grasses in both the emulsion (Fig. You can also upload your sightings from your computer. Prairie Cordgrass should be seeded as early in the spring as possible. 0000007492 00000 n Prairie cordgrass has received comparatively little attention because, unlike the others, it is not a good forage crop. 0000001808 00000 n 7, Fig. 0000004369 00000 n 0000002718 00000 n “It actually grew pretty well; the farmer was shocked,” he said. 0000011503 00000 n 0000005716 00000 n Strong rhizomes with the ability to grow 5-10 feet per year separate this grass from the other desirable native warm season grasses. Prairie Cordgrass is a native warm-season, sod forming grass also called "rip gut" due to its saw toothed leaf margins at maturity. It's been planted for erosion control and cultivated as a biofuel. It will grow on seasonally dry sites, tolerates alkaline […] 0000009909 00000 n xref 0000003057 00000 n startxref Seedheads are composed of 10 to 20 spikes attached to the main stem. Native seed drills are the best method for planting, but if broadcasted, make sure it is tracked in as much as possible. Prairie fires can move as fast as 600 feet per minute and burn as hot as 700 degrees Fahrenheit. Prairie Cordgrass An aggressive, rhizomatous warm season grass; the root system provides erosion control on streambanks; a source of cover for waterfowl, … 0000000892 00000 n 0000002193 00000 n It is associated with various species including sedges and rushes. �C�&l\�\�[������CL�4��K�8�bna{�ΐ���h }@�a��C!� BK��4[�lf`�#��?i.�4���+��^ ��vdBd�� ��,a x�b```"ɿ�����bl,��10�:�ed�"{_�V���Ieh�6�$&�&�M:::@ꁀ��az0��b�� x�bbd`b``��� �0 0000006735 00000 n Strong rhizomes with the ability to grow 5-10 feet per year separate this grass from the other desirable native warm season grasses. Prairie Nursery native grass Spartina pectinata, or Prairie Cordgrass, spreads rapidly by rhizomes, making it excellent for stabilizing fresh soil around newly excavated ponds, streambanks, and wet areas. Meaning of prairie cordgrass. It will grow in seasonally dry sites, tolerates alkaline conditions and high water tables but is intolerant of prolonged flooding. Monoculture prairie cordgrass stands were established at the same population densities of mixed stands and fertilized with 0, 75, 150, or 225 kg N ha-1. Prairie Cordgrass has a broad climatic adaptation. northern cordgrass wet prairie scientific name common name seeds per lb seeds per ft2 % of mix cost per lb cost per ft2 lbs per acre cc functional group agalinis tenuifolia slender false foxglove 12,800,000 1.50 3.7% $0.0000 0.01 4 a-forb, hemiparasite Saint Paul, MN 0000034757 00000 n Prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata Link.) The alternate leaves are located primarily along the lower half of the culm. “The cow has a preference; this grass is coarse and not good for grazing,” Lee said. 0 It is native to much of North America, including central and eastern Canada and most of the contiguous United States except for the southwestern and southeastern regions. Fire does not destroy prairie grasses because they grow from the stem up rather than from the tips of the blade. 0000003841 00000 n (S10596516C) Prairie Cordgrass Spartina pectinata Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This perennial grass is about 3-7' tall and unbranched. An easy characteristic to look for is the sharp, serrated edges of the leaf blade. Prairie cordgrass ( Spartina pectinata) is a tall, rhizomatous grass tolerant of soil salinity and frequent flooding. Seedlings are not shade tolerant. H�tT�n�0��+�(�E�����i� N]K� Avl�*) گ�)�r�69��7���v�yөX��H������~2�I�6L���P�H�,A�B�x�_�#�d�U�$���<01?H�����@ob9 ��3@�9y.qG���y�`�'6�7�$�h��&�y��ҳ�!����s�w��w��z+ʖ��Q�X�ձ��۞�H�H�ߒ�����R/.������c��Z��Ce�/�-|#�l�ٴDg�=y�J_ZW�H�@_K��/+��֜���^!����NW~�����D;-,�vSWž���̴g�n�0}��U���o�f�.�AF�N. Prairie cordgrass has received comparatively little attention because, unlike the others, it is not a good forage crop. Then, to their surprise, they found a mixed-ploidy population comprising tetraploids and (previously unknown) hexaploids (six sets of chromosomes) at a single location in Illinois. The rapid seedling development of this species enables it to avoid frost-heaving problems on wetter soils. 0000000016 00000 n FARM SEED SALES & PICK UP. endstream endobj 145 0 obj<>/Size 118/Type/XRef>>stream For example, the prairie cordgrass in South Dakota was mostly octoploid (eight sets of chromosomes) while the Illinois grass tended to be tetraploid (four sets). Call to Order: We are encouraging our customers to call us at 800-352-5247 to place your orders.We can then ship your seed directly to you, or you can come pick it up at Albert Lea Seed. It will grow on a … 0000003877 00000 n Please leave a voicemail if we miss your call and expect a return call within 1 day, often sooner. Lee planted prairie cordgrass in west Texas in fields that could no longer be used for crop production because they had been irrigated with salty ground water. Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens) Grant Heilman/Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Cordgrasses are erect, tough, long-leaved plants that range from 0.3 … Tough plant that grows in places that are wet for at least part the. Perennial grass half of the leaf blade the ability to grow 5-10 per... Psds for download with transparency sure it is associated with various species including sedges and.... Our new maps and the seedlings are not shade tolerant, but they do develop.. 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